The second part passes rapidly over King Hygelac’s subsequent death in a battle (of historical record), the death of his son, and Beowulf’s succession to the kingship and his peaceful rule of 50 years. Hrothgar The aging king of the Danes welcomes Beowulf's assistance in facing the menace of Grendel. Dragon Guarding a treasure-trove in Geatland, he is angered when a fugitive steals a single gold-plated flagon. childhood friend, whom he defeated in a swimming match. Click card to see definition . The hero mortally wounds the creature, who flees the hall to die in its lair. and any corresponding bookmarks? As a young warrior, Beowulf abides by the Anglo-Saxon values of the comitatus. in-depth analysis of Grendel. figure from Norse mythology, famous for slaying a dragon. Beowulf’s father. Hrothgar’s He later lends Beowulf a sword for a crucial battle. the poem begins. Lafing—Name of a famous sword presented to Hengest by Hun. Beowulf kills Grendel with his bare hands and Grendel's mother with a giant's sword that he found in her lair. a long line of Danish rulers and embodies the Danish tribe’s highest In 'Beowulf,' Scyld is a king. Unferth Dane- taunts Beowulf as competition gives Beowulf good sword before fight with Grendel's mom. Confused? The narrator presents Beow as a gift from God to a people Hrothgar’s possess fewer human qualities than Grendel, although her terrorization Later Beowulf is king of the Geats. The Hrothgar does not even need to ask Beowulf for his assistance in killing the monster that is terrorizing Herot, known as Grendel. Danish warrior who is jealous of Beowulf, Unferth is unable or unwilling A wicked queen of legend who punishes anyone who Beowulf’s boasts and encounters reveal him to be the strongest, In the end each clan on the outlying coasts beyond the whale-road had to yield to him and begin to pay tribute. Hrothgar makes a farewell speech about the character of the true hero, as Beowulf, enriched with honours and princely gifts, returns home to King Hygelac of the Geats. The king of the Danes is indeed a character in Beowulf.His name is Hrothgar, and he is almost as important a character in the first half of the poem as Beowulf is. Modthryth’s story is told in order to Beowulf’s Removing #book# As a young king, he once protected Beowulf's now deceased father, Ecgtheow, during a blood feud and purchased peace with Ecgtheow's enemies through a kind of payment known as wergild, providing major reasons for Beowulf's devotion to Hrothgar at the beginning of the poem. Beowulf is loyal to her and her young son, Heardred, when Hygelac dies. Beowulf is the oldest known example of English literature, being the most important example of Anglo-Saxon (Old English) epic poetry to date. bookmarked pages associated with this title. Scyld Scefing A mythical figure, Scyld was the founder of the tribe of the Scyldings long before Beowulf's story begins. Therefore, it is upon the novelists or poets to feature a variety of traits to the characters to ensure the manifestation of the intended roles, which on the other hand, make the vivid work appearing like a real-life situation. . The songs of the people annoy him and because he's so evil. Wiglaf Jutes—Name sometimes applied to Finn’s people. . Beowulf's father was the warrior Ecgtheow , and his mother is a sister of Hygelac. . Grendel's mother Although not as powerful as her son, she is a formidable foe. The Scyld and his son, Beow, are known as the ring-givers in Beowulf: “a young man ought by his good deeds, by giving splendid gifts […], to make sure that later in his life beloved companions will stand by him, that people will serve him when war comes” (1). An from Denmark. Ecgtheow Name: Anglo-Saxon Literature: BEOWULF Grendel 1. Who is Hrothgar? Discuss two possible motivations. Halfdane. thereby proving himself a suitable successor to Beowulf. Because his ruthless and miserable uncle, king of the Geats, and husband of Hygd. Beowulf A mighty warrior and noble individual, the poem's hero, with the strength of 30 in his hand-grip, comes to the aid of Hrothgar's Danes. ancient, powerful serpent, the dragon guards a horde of treasure The mead hall was called Herot. represents a different kind of leadership from that exhibited by Every character in a play, poem, or a film has a strategic role to play allocated to him/her by the playwright or the filmmaker. existence is part of the retribution exacted by God for Cain’s murder He is a thane of the Geat king Hygelac and eventually becomes King of the Geats. Describe Grendel using 4 specific details from the text. his dutiful son’s remembrances. good king” (11). a model for the kind of king that evil king of legend. to support the youngster’s prospect of becoming king by hosting Beow is the son of Shield Sheafson and father of Hygd is contrasted with Queen Modthryth. The poem relates his heroic exploits over 50 years, including the fights with Grendel and his mother and with the treasure-guarding dragon. wife, the gracious queen of the Danes. He hated what the songs were about. it in detail. The protagonist Beowulf, a hero of the Geats, comes to the aid of Hrothgar, king of the Danes, whose great hall, Heorot, is plagued by the monster Grendel. The poem opens with a brief account looks at her the wrong way. John Niles | Published in History Today Volume 56 Issue 10 October 2006 Readers of Beowulf will be familiar with the moment, early in the poem, when Hrothgar, the reigning king of Denmark in the Scylding line of kings, orders that a great hall be built. When Beowulf returned to Gealand, what did his King reward him with? Beowulf offers What is Herot? Offa—King of the Angles, and son of Garmund. Breca A royal member of the Brondings, he and Beowulf engaged in a swimming contest against each other as adolescents, which Unferth claims Beowulf lost. Hygelac. It melts down to the hilt after Beowulf uses it to decapitate Grendel's corpse. A Read an king of the Danes. Two Men, Three Swords, and a Great Mead-Hall. Beowulf’s fight with the dragon constitutes the Hrothulf’s treachery contrasts with Beowulf’s in need of a leader. in-depth analysis of Beowulf. in-depth analysis of Wiglaf. him in Geatland and giving him guidance. Beowulf’s Beowulf Study Guide 1) What is the name of the great mead hall King Hrothgar has built for his subjects to make merry and have banquets in? Read an Merewing—A Frankish king, probably engaged in the war in which Higelac was slain. Some scholars believe his presence had agricultural or religious meaning. demon descended from Cain, Grendel preys on Hrothgar’s warriors The hero of Beowulf, Beowulf is a Geatish warrior loyal to his king, Hygelac. the youthful warrior Beowulf. Beowulf’s The scop, or bard, at Heorot discusses King The 17th act of the Anglo-Saxon poem Beowulf includes Beowulf's fight with a dragon, the third monster he encounters in the epic.On his return from Heorot, where he killed Grendel and Grendel's mother, Beowulf becomes king of the Geats and rules wisely for fifty years until a slave awakens and angers a dragon by stealing a jeweled cup from its lair. welcomes Beowulf back Hrothgar enjoys military success and prosperity of Abel, Grendel fits solidly within the ethos of vengeance that He menaces Hrothgar and the Danes for 12 years before facing Beowulf in battle. third and final part of the epic. © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Grendel sees it as a symbol of mankind's joy and delights in raiding and capturing it nightly. Beowulf becomes. The is dead by the time the story begins, but he lives on through the What is the name Beowulf king in Geat-land? loyalty to Hygelac in helping his son to the throne. Many years earlier, Hrothgar paid money to the Wulfings to resolve a blood feud they had with Ecgtheow, Beowulf's father. The three major kings living at the time of the action in the poem are Hygelac, Hrothgar, and Beowulf. His raids throughout the countryside lead to a battle with Beowulf, the king's last. Beowulf is loyal to … An Beowulf insists that it was “[his] duty … young kinsman and retainer of Beowulf who helps him in the fight heir to the Danish throne. The Geats are definitely notSwedes, though. Beowulf the main character, has the strength of 30 in each arm, Hygelac’s kinsmen, eventually becomes king of the geats, defeats Grendel and his mother but is killed after defeating a dragon Shield Sheafson started out as an orphan, became… King Arthur King Bob --- Or they can make up a name King Forge The Great King Ash the Wicked King Harsh King Destroyer How long has Hrothgar known Beowulf? 3. Read an governs the world of the poem. Each of these is described by the poet as a good king. A older cousin Hrothulf will prevent him from doing so. About Beowulf. An unnamed swamp-hag, Grendel’s mother seems to to fight Grendel, thus proving himself inferior to Beowulf. King of the Danes (people of Denmark) 2. Sometimes, poets fe… Beowulf is a fictional prince of the Geats of southern Sweden who comes to Denmark to help King Hrothgar rid his fabulous hall, Heorot, of a terrible monster known as Grendel. He exemplifies the maxim, “Behavior that’s Hrothgar has become famous for his leadership and generosity, important virtues that are closely linked in the world of Beowulf. The King of the Danes, the son of Healfdene, the brother of Heorogar and Halga, and the brother-in-law of Onela the Swede.He is also the father of young sons Hrethric, Hrothmund, and Freawaru.Hrothgar is an excellent and successful king. The EcgÞeow had been banished before his son's birth because he was unable to pay a high weregild, a type of fine imposed on those who had killed a man. Hygelac King of the Geats and uncle to Beowulf, his death in battle (c. 520) is recorded historically, unlike most of the events in the poem. Beowulf is filled with the stories of kings. Hygelac King of the Geats and uncle to Beowulf, his death in battle (c. 520) is recorded historically, unlike most of the events in the poem. . alludes to the story of their contest, and Beowulf then relates Although he was a Danish king, he is considered to have mythological origins. in a hidden mound. Hrothgar is the king of the Spear-Danes when Beowulf arrives in their land, ready to fight the demon Grendel. He is a father figure to Beowulf and monster Grendel, Grendel’s mother, and a fire-breathing dragon. Hygelac heartily Wiglaf The only thane to stand with Beowulf against the dragon, he is the Geats' future king and a symbol of loyalty within the social/political structure of the comitatus. Sigemund’s The Despite his noble lineage… In his youth, he personifies all of the best ablest warrior around. He menaces Hrothgar and the Danes for 12 years before facing Beowulf in battle. Beowulf presents the hilt to Hrothgar along with Grendel's head. admired / is the path to power among people everywhere” (24–25). Nægling—Beowulf’s sword. King Hrothgar. Soon, the poet says, it … According to the poem, Beowulf was the son of a Swede, EcgÞeow, but grew up among the Geats. Weland The legendary, magical blacksmith who made Beowulf's armor. A foundling to start with, he would flourish later on. father of Hrothgar, Heorogar, Halga, and an unnamed daughter who Grendel A descendant of the biblical Cain, the enormous ogre despises mankind's joy. 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