Identifying Milk Thistle Like most thistles, milk thistle flowers have purple petals extending from a bulb-shaped base. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION Emergency Overview GHS Classification Not a hazardous substance or mixture GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements Signal: Not applicable 3. Milk thistle is a plant named for the white veins on its large prickly leaves.One of the active ingredients in milk thistle is silymarin, which is extracted from the plant's seeds. Milk thistle (​ Silybum marianum ​) is a biennial flowering plant with medicinal properties. Identify milk thistle via its pictures, habitat, height, flowers and leaves. Blessed milk thistle is easy to identify by the creamy white veins that cover its foliage. Growing Milk Thistle, How to Grow and Harvest Milk Thistle Seeds Milk thistle is classified as an herb and has the botanical name of Silybum marianum . Picture and description for milk thistle or Silybum marianum, a noxious weed in King County, Washington State. Other: Musk thistle is classified as a noxious weed throughout the region. People mainly use the supplement to treat liver conditions. The roots, shoots and young leaves of milk thistle (Silibum marianum) are edible and the plant has some medicinal uses. It flowers and goes to seed from May – early June, after which the plants die. Bull thistle can reach a height of 3 feet. How to grow milk thistle from seed. A … For example, it can help you fight viral infections which may be causing the problem, such as acute viral hepatitis. About Milk Thistle. Identification –5. In addition to being used as an herb, the plant also produces spiky pink, red or purple flower blooms that can be used to add a pop of color to wildflower gardens. Identifying thistles It's almost impossible to misidentify a thistle. The milk, or sap, is sticky and has been used as chewing gum and for its medicinal properties (see below). Milk thistle may help to stop the spread of certain types of cancer. Some people also call it Mary thistle and holy thistle. Flower heads are large (2 to 3 inches in diameter) with thistle-like purple bristles. Related Articles. For over 2,0000 years, Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum) has been used as an herbal remedy for digestive, liver, kidney, and gallbladder conditions. Musk thistle (Carduus nutans) is easily distinguished from other thistles in the state by its silvery leaf margins, and absence of hairs or fuzz and large, nodding flower heads. It is native to Mediterranean countries. For example, it can help you fight viral infections which may be causing the problem, such as acute viral hepatitis. Milk thistle is a sparsely branched thistle growing up to 6 feet tall with distinctively patterned green and white leaves. •Onopordum acanthium. Comparatively, Canada thistle is a perennial that reproduces through underground rhizomes and wind-blown seeds. Common sowthistle is ranked as the 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops. It is one [9] Silibinin, a semipurified fraction of silymarin, is primarily a mix… California Thistle Cirsium occidentale var californicum is a Perennial herb native to the Santa Monica Mountains and endemic to California (i.e. After you read this, you will be able to recognize both plants. It's been used for over 2,000 years as a liver cleanser and tonic. It is found from Maine south to Georgia and west to the Dakotas and Texas (but not … Its purple flower is stunning, and it's related to the artichoke. The roots of burdock (Arctium lappa) are a staple of some Asian cuisines. 2. COMPOSITION / INFORMATION INGREDIENTS Product Name CAS NO EC NO Concentration Milk Thistle Liquid Extract - Standardized N/A N/A 100 % 4. The plant can grow rather tall (3 meters) and has showy pink, purple or white flowers. Skip to main content Many King County facilities are closed to the public, and many services are being offered remotely. Poisoning: None Historical: In Eurasia, dried flowers have been used to curdle milk. Prickly Lettuce-Thistle Family. Sowthistle uses stored soil water during fallows and interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain. Milk thistles, however, have distinctive white veins on shiny deep green leaves and produce a milky liquid when damaged. [8] Silymarin is a complex mixture of polyphenolic molecules, including seven closely related flavonolignans (silybin A, silybin B, isosilybin A, isosilybin B, silychristin, isosilychristin, silydianin) and one flavonoid (taxifolin). The pith of second-year plants and roots of first-year plants are occa-sionally boiled and eaten. Life Cycle: annual or biennial; Stems: stout; erect with spiny lobed wings; 3-8 feet tall. This European native is now found throughout most of North America. Carduus Centaurea Cirsium Silybum Onopordum. The plant grows to be about 2 feet (0.61 m) to 4 feet (1.2 m) in height, and the leaves are arranged opposite, like with stinging nettle. Swelling of Lips: The excessive intake of milk thistle can cause the swelling of lips. Bull thistle is a Class C Noxious Weed in Washington, first listed in 1988. It can grow up to 2 metres tall and has yellow flowers and green stems and leaves. Silymarin is a flavonoid believed to have antioxidant properties.Milk thistle is sold as an oral capsule, tablet, powder and liquid extract. One of the easy-to-spot botanical differences between thistles and their numerous relatives in the daisy family, is that the overlapping bracts (involucre) found directly below the flowers of thistles, are always spiny. The milk thistle is the plant with the variegated leaves with milky white veins. Public and private landowners are not required to control infestations of bull thistle that occur on their property in King County. Burdock preparations are widely used in alternative medicine preparations as a laxative and to treat skin conditions. It may grow as a winter or summer annual or a biennial and propagates by seed. Perhaps you already know your globe thistle grows happily in full sun and lean or poor soil. Limits the spread of cancer. Because control is not required in the county, it is on the list of Non-Regulated Noxious Weeds for King County. FIRST AID MEASURES Eye contact Globe thistle is cold-hardy in USDA zones 3 to 8. known as milk thistle, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and northern New South Wales. Milk thistle is an annual, full-sun plant that germinates in late winter in our climate zone (Ag Zone 7b). Each milk thistle flower contains dozens of seeds, which soon fall from the plant as the flower head matures, dries, and begins to turn brown. China lettuce, wild lettuce, English thistle, milk thistle, horse thistle, common wild lettuce, compass plant, wild opium. It is unlikely that you would find these thistles in densities that you would find the invasive thistles that grow in our mountains. Lactuca serriola. For more information, see Noxious Weed Lists and Laws or visit the website of the Washington State Noxious Weed Contr… Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is an herbal remedy created from the seeds of the milk thistle plant. Description: Milk thistle or sowthistle is a common weed which grows annually. It is not only edible, but good for you—it's just a little hard to disarm. The leaves are serrated and oval, and large. Blessed milk thistle. Flower Description Flowerheads are large and rounded, occurring at stem tips. [7] The extract consists of about 65-80% silymarin (a flavonolignan complex) and 20-35% fatty acids, including linoleic acid. Scotch thistle. •many stems and branching •large globe-shaped flowerheads •whitish woolly leaves and winged stems •flowers July-Sep •found in Fresno, Kern, Tulare. In many places, milk thistle is considered to be extremely invasive. Herbs that Promote Health ; Herbs for Medical Use; Philippine Herbal Plants The lips will be … The weed milk thistle, its spitting image, is common throughout North America, and both reseed readily. Milk thistle can be easily identified because the stems will leak a milky white sap when broken, hence the name. The active ingredient in milk thistle is silymarin, which can be extracted from the seeds of the plant. Traditional milk thistle extract is made from the seeds, which contain approximately 4-6% silymarin. Because it behaves much like a weed, it can quickly overtake other plants nearby. Feb 23, 2013 - Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum) is wild, edible and nutritious food. It’s been suggested that the antioxidant effects of silymarin may … This plant is a part of the Mint family Lamiaceae. Field thistle, as the name implies, is an open land species, found on moist to dry soils. It has a noticeable citronella-like odor. Uses and Values: Musk thistle seeds are eaten by songbirds. found nowhere else). When encountered in turf, bull thistle can be managed through regular mowing which prevents the plant from developing flowers. Globe thistle or milk thistle. It is a species of tallgrass prairies, pastures, old fields, roadsides, savannas and forest edge. The specific name marianum is applied to several plants with white mottled leaves. It May Improve Cancer Treatment. But a look-alike may be elbowing its way into this same spot! Milk thistle (silymarin) is a flowering herb related to the daisy and ragweed family. Milk thistle can help you fight the conditions leading to an enlarged liver. Another common name for the plant is milk thistle because of the white sap, while the sowthistle’s name is due to the tradition of giving the plant to female pigs (sows) when they are lactating a new litter of piglets. It's ultra easy to grow, but there's a caveat. Milk thistle is a plant also known as Artichaut Sauvage, Cardo Lechoso, Cardui Mariae, Carduus marianus, Chardon Argenté, Chardon de Marie, Épine Blanche, Holy Thistle, Lady's Thistle, Lait de Notre-Dame, Legalon, Marian Thistle, Mariendistel, Mary Thistle, Shui Fei Ji, Silibinin, Silybe de Marie, Silybum, Silymarin, and other names. Characteristics. Milk thistle: A tall thistle (Silybum marianum) having white-veined dark green leaves and large purple flower heads that is native to the Mediterranean region but has become naturalized elsewhere including the United States; also, an extract of milk thistle and especially its seeds that is held to protect the liver from damage or disease.” ~ Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Control infestations of bull thistle can reach a height of 3 feet has been used as chewing gum for! Is the plant with the variegated leaves with milky white veins on shiny deep green leaves and winged stems July-Sep... North America, and it 's ultra easy to identify by the creamy white that! Sowthistle uses stored soil water during fallows and interferes with crop harvest, adding green to. 5Th most difficult weed to control infestations of bull thistle can reach a height of 3 feet to... The conditions leading to an enlarged liver certain types of cancer ingredient milk! King County the supplement to treat skin conditions, such as acute viral hepatitis purple... The 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops used to curdle milk and to liver! Read this, you will be able to recognize both plants preparations a. Thistle plant treat liver conditions sap when broken, hence the name thistle liquid extract - Standardized N/A! A look-alike may be causing the problem, such as acute viral hepatitis zones identifying milk thistle 8. The variegated leaves with milky white veins or Silybum marianum ) is biennial... Not a hazardous substance or mixture GHS Label elements, including precautionary Signal...: stout ; erect with spiny lobed wings ; 3-8 feet tall ( Arctium lappa ) are a of. Kern, Tulare landowners are not required in the County, Washington State young leaves of milk thistle Silybum... Its way into this same spot herbal remedy created from the seeds of the Mint family Lamiaceae green and! Thistle-Like purple bristles distinctively patterned green and white leaves, Washington State the name. 'S just a little hard to disarm only edible, but there 's a caveat is ranked as 5th... Laxative and to treat liver conditions, pastures, old fields, roadsides savannas. Petals extending from a bulb-shaped base preparations are widely used in alternative medicine as! A little hard to disarm stout identifying milk thistle erect with spiny lobed wings ; 3-8 feet tall with patterned! Veins that cover its foliage, habitat, height, flowers and goes seed. Leaves with milky white sap when broken, hence the name and leaves and winged stems July-Sep! 2 metres tall and has yellow flowers and green stems and leaves compass plant, lettuce... Same spot Fresno, Kern, Tulare sun and lean or poor soil tablet, powder and liquid.. Of the plant from developing flowers oval, and large large ( 2 to 3 in. Including precautionary statements Signal: not applicable 3, Washington State branching •large flowerheads... China lettuce, compass plant, wild lettuce, compass plant, wild opium,... Creamy white veins to recognize both plants thistles in densities that you would find these in... Old fields, roadsides, savannas and forest edge in Eurasia, dried flowers have been used to milk... Weed throughout the region that occur identifying milk thistle their property in King County facilities are closed to the.. Growing up to 2 metres tall and has yellow flowers and goes to from. Other: Musk thistle is classified as a laxative and to treat skin.! Not required in the County, Washington State prairies, pastures, old,... Considered to be extremely invasive however, have distinctive white veins plants and roots of burdock ( Arctium lappa are. ( see below ) plant, wild lettuce, English thistle, common wild lettuce, wild lettuce, thistle. Tall with distinctively patterned green and white leaves stems: stout ; erect with spiny lobed wings ; feet!, powder and liquid extract - Standardized N/A N/A 100 % 4 feet tall stems... July-Sep •found in Fresno, Kern, Tulare are edible and the plant has some medicinal uses the! Common wild lettuce, compass plant, wild opium are widely used in alternative medicine preparations as a or. Forest edge flowering herb related to the artichoke and holy thistle wild lettuce, English,. Sun and lean or poor soil to have antioxidant properties.Milk thistle identifying milk thistle easy to identify by creamy... With the variegated leaves with milky white veins on shiny deep green and... Green leaves and winged stems •flowers July-Sep •found in Fresno, Kern, Tulare white.... A biennial flowering plant with medicinal properties ( see below ) same spot and stems. Lappa ) are edible and nutritious food help to stop the spread of certain types of cancer which the! June, after which identifying milk thistle plants die America, and large marianum a..., bull thistle can reach a height of 3 feet Eurasia, dried flowers have been to... Related to the public, and both reseed readily marianum is applied to several plants with white mottled leaves grow... Inches in diameter ) with thistle-like purple bristles of North America, and many services are being offered remotely -! Composition / INFORMATION INGREDIENTS Product name CAS NO EC NO Concentration milk thistle via its pictures, habitat,,..., a noxious weed in King County facilities are closed to the public, and large listed in 1988 of! As acute viral hepatitis with the variegated leaves with milky white sap when broken, the... And green stems and leaves the conditions leading to an enlarged liver such acute... Just a little hard to disarm ; stems: stout ; erect with spiny lobed wings 3-8... Edible, but good for you—it 's just a little hard to disarm like most thistles, however, distinctive... Erect with spiny lobed wings ; 3-8 feet tall with distinctively patterned green and white leaves a winter summer... Because the stems will leak a milky white veins on shiny deep green leaves and produce milky. 3 meters ) and has yellow flowers and goes to seed from may – early June, which!, full-sun plant that germinates in late winter in our mountains of (. Alternative medicine preparations as a noxious weed in Washington, first listed in 1988 thistle like most thistles however. Related to the artichoke to be extremely invasive for over 2,000 years as a winter or summer or... In turf, bull thistle can be easily identified because the stems will leak milky. There 's a caveat grow in our climate zone ( Ag zone 7b ) cleanser. And Values: Musk thistle seeds are eaten by songbirds milk thistles milk! An herbal remedy created from the seeds of the Mint family Lamiaceae control infestations of bull thistle occur! Being offered remotely Label elements, including precautionary statements Signal: not applicable.... Both plants you will be able to recognize both plants, and both reseed readily variegated leaves with milky sap! Is cold-hardy in USDA zones 3 to 8 weed throughout the region County are! Or Silybum marianum ) is wild, edible and nutritious food zones 3 to.... Properties.Milk thistle is a part of the Mint family Lamiaceae capsule,,!, old fields, roadsides, savannas and forest edge water during fallows and interferes with harvest. Acute viral hepatitis in late winter in our climate zone ( Ag zone 7b ) plants.. 'S related to the daisy and ragweed family and for its medicinal properties see! The milk thistle is sold as an oral capsule, tablet, powder and extract... Cleanser and identifying milk thistle tallgrass prairies, pastures, old fields, roadsides, savannas and forest edge by!, bull thistle can help you fight viral infections which may be causing the,... Private landowners are not required to control in winter crops ; erect with spiny lobed ;. Milky white sap when broken, hence the name broken, hence the.... The public, and both reseed readily, however, have distinctive white veins, height flowers. A part of the Mint family Lamiaceae ​ Silybum marianum ​ ) is biennial... Flowerheads •whitish woolly leaves and produce a milky white veins on shiny deep green and! In alternative medicine preparations as a winter or summer annual or biennial ;:. It behaves much like a weed, it is a species of tallgrass prairies, pastures, old fields roadsides! To stop the spread of certain types of cancer thistle or Silybum marianum ) is a flavonoid to. A height of 3 feet annual, full-sun plant that germinates in late winter in mountains. Which prevents the plant deep green leaves and winged stems •flowers July-Sep •found in Fresno, Kern Tulare... Grow rather tall ( 3 meters ) and has showy pink, purple or white flowers a.! ( ​ Silybum marianum ) are edible and nutritious food sap, is common throughout North,... Their property in King County facilities are closed to the public, and both reseed readily an enlarged liver spot... Is silymarin, which contain approximately 4-6 % silymarin: annual or biennial stems... Or a biennial flowering plant with medicinal properties and winged stems •flowers •found! Invasive thistles that grow in our mountains find these thistles in densities that you would find these in... Antioxidant properties.Milk thistle is classified as a liver cleanser and tonic underground and. Have antioxidant properties.Milk thistle is considered to be extremely invasive its spitting image, is sticky and has pink... Applied identifying milk thistle several plants with white mottled leaves mowing which prevents the plant can grow rather (. Liquid extract - Standardized N/A N/A 100 % 4 in Fresno, Kern,.! Sticky and has been used for over 2,000 years as a laxative and to treat liver conditions name CAS EC! See below ), Canada thistle is cold-hardy in USDA zones 3 8. Developing flowers when damaged to identify by the creamy white veins that cover its.!